The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

Influence Norman Invasion Anglo-Saxon Landscaping 5225726787632775.jpg The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century irreparably transformed The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But the Normans had to pacify the overall territory before they could focus on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Castles were more basic constructions and often erected on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were large stone buildings, regularly positioned in the widest, most fertile hollows. Gardening, a quiet occupation, was unfeasible in these unproductive fortifications. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is portrayed in Berkeley Castle, which is perhaps the most untouched sample we have. The keep is rumored to have been conceived during the time of William the Conqueror. As a strategy of deterring attackers from tunneling underneath the walls, an immense terrace surrounds the building. On 1 of these terraces sits a charming bowling green: it's coated in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

The Genesis Of Outdoor Fountains

The Genesis Of Outdoor Fountains A fountain, an incredible piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also launch water high into the air for an extraordinary effect.

Originally, fountains only served a practical purpose. Inhabitants of cities, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains had to be linked to nearby aqueduct or spring.Genesis Outdoor Fountains 379445472093796.jpg Until the late nineteenth, century most water fountains operated using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Fountains were not only used as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the designer who created it. Roman fountains often depicted images of animals or heroes made of metal or stone masks. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners incorporated fountains to create mini depictions of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to demonstrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Urban fountains made at the end of the nineteenth served only as decorative and celebratory ornaments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. Gravity was substituted by mechanical pumps in order to permit fountains to bring in clean water and allow for beautiful water displays.

Modern fountains are used to adorn community spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Water Wall Fountains

The One Cleaning Solution to NEVER Use On Your Water Wall Fountains Water fountains will keep working a very long time with routine cleaning and maintenance. It is essential to clean it out and take out any debris or foreign elements that might have dropped into or onto it. Also, algae is likely to build up anywhere natural light meets water.One Cleaning Solution NEVER Use Water Wall Fountains 177036466252.jpg To avoid this, take vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, or sea salt and add directly into the water. Bleach can also be mixed into the water, but this is not the ideal option because it can sicken birds or other animals.

Every 3-4 months, garden fountains should have a good cleaning. Prior to cleaning, all the water must be eliminated. Once it is empty, wash inside the reservoir with a gentle cleanser. If there is intricate artwork, you might need to use a toothbrush for those hard-to-reach areas. Be sure to completely rinse the inner surface of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Various organisms and calcium deposits may get inside the pump, so it is best to take it apart and clean it thoroughly. Letting it soak in vinegar for several hours first will make it alot easier to clean. Build-up can be a big headache, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to eliminate this dilemma.

One final recommendation for keeping your fountain in top working condition is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Permitting the water level to get too low can cause damage to the pump - and you certainly do not want that!

The Distribution of Garden Water Fountains Industrial Knowledge in Europe

The Distribution of Garden Water Fountains Industrial Knowledge in EuropeDistribution Garden Water Fountains Industrial Knowledge Europe 6513686623560.jpg Throughout the European countries, the chief means of dissiminating useful hydraulic facts and fountain design ideas were the published pamphlets and illustrated books of the time, which contributed to the advancement of scientific innovation. An unnamed French water fountain developer came to be an globally renowned hydraulic pioneer in the later part of the 1500's. His competence in creating landscapes and grottoes with built-in and imaginative water fountains began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, towards the closure of his lifetime, he published “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a book which became the essential text on hydraulic technology and engineering. Classical antiquity hydraulic developments were outlined as well as updates to key classical antiquity hydraulic discoveries in the book. The water screw, a mechanical means to move water, and invented by Archimedes, was showcased in the book. Natural light warmed the liquid in a pair of concealed containers next to the ornamental fountain were displayed in an illustration. The end result: the water fountain is stimulated by the hot water expanding and ascending up the pipes. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and backyard pond styles are covered in the book.
The Advantages of Indoor Wall Water Fountains Hospitals and health care facilities have been using interior fountains to create tranquil, stress-free environments for many years now.The relaxing effect of flowing water can be conducive to a contemplative state.... read more


The Countless Types of Outdoor Fountains Is it possible for you to transform your yard into a paradise of peace?Add a feeling of tranquility to your garden with an exterior fountain and profit from all the positive benefits of a water feature.... read more


Use a Garden Fountain To Help Boost Air Quality You can liven up your surroundings by adding an indoor wall fountain.Your eyes, your ears and your well-being can be favorably influenced by including this type of indoor feature in your house.... read more


Your Garden Fountain: Upkeep & Routine Service A very important first step is to consider the proportions of the outdoor wall fountain with regards to the area you have available for it.It is essential that the wall where you are going to hang it is sturdy enough to support its load.... read more


The Advantages of Installing an Indoor Wall Water Fountain One way to embellish your home with a modern twist is by installing an indoor wall fountain to your living area.You can create a noise-free, stress-free and comforting setting for your family, friends and clientele by installing this type of fountain.... read more


The Father Of Rome's Fountain Design There are many renowned water fountains in Rome’s city center.Pretty much all of them were planned, architected and constructed by one of the greatest sculptors and designers of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini.... read more