California's Garden Water Fountain Study and Results

California's Garden Water Fountain Study and Results The first implementation of a soda tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. The purpose is to get people drinking more water and other natural beverages by raising the cost of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Research was conducted to find out the status of local drinking water fountains and whether individuals from different racial or financial backgrounds had reduced access to them. Through data collected by a mobile GPS app, experts were able to identify the condition of existing water fountains in Berkley. The US Census Community Study database was employed to compile information pertaining to race and economic status in these segments. The researchers looked to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were associated to drinking water fountain access. Each water fountain and the demographics of its surrounding area were analyzed to reveal whether the location of the fountains or their level of maintenance revealed any connection to income, race, or other factors. The fact that the fountains were functioning was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, as quite a few were in need of cleaning and repair.

Outdoor Elegance: Garden Fountains

Outdoor Elegance: Garden Fountains 397220529882564868.jpg Outdoor Elegance: Garden Fountains It is also possible to place your exterior water fountain near a wall since they do not need to be connected to a nearby pond. Due to the various possibilities available, it no longer necessary to deal with excavations, difficult installations or cleaning the pond. Since this feature is self-contained, no plumbing work is necessary. All the same, water has to be added regularly. Clear away the water from the basin and place clear water in its place when you see that the area is grimy.

The most utilized materials employed to manufacture garden wall fountains are stone and metal, despite the fact that they can be made out of any number of other materials. The most suitable material for your fountain depends entirely on the design you choose. The best designs for your outdoor wall fountain are those which are hand-crafted, simple to put up and not too heavy to hang. Be sure that your water feature is manageable as far as maintenance is concerned. Generally, most installations are straight forward because the only pieces which may require examination are the re-circulating pump and the hanging hardware whereas other kinds of setups can be a little more difficult. You can easily liven up your garden with these types of fountains.

The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens

The Influence of the Norman Conquest on Anglo Saxon Gardens The advent of the Normans in the later half of the 11th century significantly transformed The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. Engineering and gardening were attributes that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation.Influence Norman Conquest Anglo Saxon Gardens 93369492.jpg But before concentrating on home-life or having the occasion to contemplate domestic architecture or decoration, the Normans had to subjugate an entire society. Castles were more fundamental designs and often constructed on blustery hills, where their tenants devoted both time and space to exercising offense and defense, while monasteries were considerable stone buildings, commonly positioned in the widest, most fruitful hollows. The barren fortresses did not provide for the quiet avocation of horticulture. Berkeley Castle is probably the most unchanged model in existence nowadays of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is reported to have been created during the time of William the Conqueror. As a method of deterring attackers from tunneling within the walls, an immense terrace encircles the building. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and surrounded by an aged hedge of yew that has been designed into coarse battlements.

The Wide Array of Exterior Water Features

The Wide Array of Exterior Water Features Make your dream a reality by creating an haven of tranquility in your garden. The calming feeling provided by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of installing a water feature in your garden.

A striking impact is made when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water high into the air. Ample, existing ponds can easily be fitted with one of these. You may have seen one of these in a park or an old estate.

Wall fountains are an perfect example of outdoor wall features. These types of fountains make great water features even if you only have a small garden. While spouting fountains leave behind an impressive effect, wall fountains are rather understated water features. In this simple process. the water which is pushed out of a small opening, moves down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the base before being pumped back to the top.

Dependent on the style you have chosen for the garden, you could think about a themed fountain. A cherub holding a spout is one of the possible kinds of classical-styled statues you can use if you want your fountain to suit a rustically themed cottage or garden.Wide Array Exterior Water Features 21443385.jpg Something special and striking could be an alternative for more modern gardens. Let your mind run free to decide on the best option.

Water spills down several levels in a tiered fountain. Water streaming down multiple levels of this water feature is the chief attribute of a cascading fountain.

Since external fountains occupy a great deal of space, think about putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Install one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are concealed from sight below ground.

Install a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a sense of relaxation. In this type of water feature the water passes through bamboo sticks. The repetition of water flowing into a bucket or shaped stone is one of the main characteristics of this kind of fountain.

Glass fountains make up another group of fountain. Featuring shaped metalwork, trellis-style fountains of this type have a more traditional aspect. Water features of this type are an excellent option for gardens with many sharp edges along with contemporary shapes and design. The water produces a spectacular effect when it streams down the surface of the glass. Colorful LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it progresses down the sheet of glass. A rock waterfall fountain (often made of imitation rock) showcases water gently cascading down its façade.

Bubbling rock fountains are big stones drilled with holes which are then filled with pipes in the center. The bubbling and gurgling at the topmost part of this type of fountain are brought on by the water being thrust upward at low pressure. The water returns gently trickling down the sides of the rock to get to its starting point. Gardens with limited space are good spots to include this style of fountain. The low pressure used in this sort of fountain inhibits water from being splashed about in case of a windy day.

Solar fountains have recently gained in popularity because they are powered by the sun. There are numerous reasons for this newly found interest such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a decrease in electricity bills, and the advantages to the environment. There is no need to settle on a specific model of outdoor solar-powered fountain because of the wide variety of designs found on the market.

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