Early Water Delivery Techniques in Rome

Early Water Delivery Techniques in Rome With the construction of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to depend strictly on naturally-occurring spring water for their needs. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells and rainwater-collecting cisterns were the lone technologies available at the time to supply water to areas of higher elevation. In the very early 16th century, the city began to utilize the water that ran below the ground through Acqua Vergine to furnish water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals.Early Water Delivery Techniques Rome 15330239939327212.jpeg The manholes made it less demanding to clean the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we discovered with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t good enough to meet his needs. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

Attributes of Outdoor Sculpture in Archaic Greece

Attributes of Outdoor Sculpture in Archaic GreeceAttributes Outdoor Sculpture Archaic Greece 6465874492103.jpg Archaic Greeks were known for providing the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were formed out of walls and pillars as reliefs. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of young and desirable male or female (kore) Greeks. Thought of by Greeks to embody beauty, the kouroi were created into stiff, forward facing poses with one foot outstretched, and the male statues were always nude, well-built, and fit. In 650 BC, life-size models of the kouroi began to be observed. A significant era of transformation for the Greeks, the Archaic period brought about more forms of state, expressions of artwork, and a greater appreciation of people and customs outside of Greece. Battles like The Arcadian wars, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are suggestive of the tumultuous nature of the time period, which was similar to other periods of historical disturbance. However, these conflicts did not significantly hinder the advancement of the Greek civilization.

Outdoor Fountains Defined

Outdoor Fountains DefinedOutdoor Fountains Defined 23651530692115.jpg The definition of a water feature is a big element which has water flowing in or through it. The broad array of choices available vary from a simple suspended wall fountain to an elaborate courtyard tiered fountain. These products are so versatile that they can be placed outside or indoors. Ponds and swimming pools are also included in the classification of a water element.

Consider placing a water element such as a garden wall fountain to your large backyard, yoga studio, cozy patio, apartment balcony, or office space. In addition to helping you unwind, both sight and sound are enticed by the soothing sounds of a water feature. With their aesthetically pleasing shape you can also use them to enhance the style in your home or other living area. Gently moving water not only leads to a sense of peace, it also masks bothersome noises and produces an enchanting water show.

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Outdoor Fountains and their Beginnings

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Outdoor Fountains and their Beginnings A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.Contemporary Garden Decoration: Outdoor Fountains Beginnings 244725060.jpeg

From the onset, outdoor fountains were simply there to serve as functional elements. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to supply them with potable water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water flow downwards or shoot high into the air. Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the designer who created it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often utilized by Romans to decorate their fountains. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. To demonstrate his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. The Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries were glorified with baroque style fountains made to mark the place of entry of Roman aqueducts.

Indoor plumbing became the main source of water by the end of the 19th century thereby restricting urban fountains to mere decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity helped fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Modern fountains are used to embellish public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

How Much Do Animals Benefit from Water Features Ensure that you take your pet into consideration when you are thinking of putting in a water feature.A pet dog or cat may think that a stand-alone fountain is a large pool or a drinking pond.... read more


When and Where Did Water Fountains Emerge? Pope Nicholas V, himself a well educated man, ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of old classic Greek documents into Latin.... read more


Aqueducts: The Solution to Rome's Water Challenges Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct built in Rome, began providing the men and women living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had counted on natural springs up till then.... read more


The Role of Hydrostatics In The Design Of Garden Fountains From its housing vessel to other materials it comes in contact with, liquid in equilibrium applies force on every single thing it touches.There are two forms, hydrostatic load or external forces.... read more


The Many Construction Materials of Wall fountains Although they come in different materials, modern garden fountains tend to be made of metal.Those made from metals have clean lines and attractive sculptural elements, and are flexible enough to fit any budget and decor.... read more


Interior Wall Water Features are Great for Home or Office One way to enhance your home with a modern twist is by installing an indoor wall fountain to your living area.These kinds of fountains reduce noise pollution in your home or workplace, thereby allowing your family and customers to have a stress-fee and tranquil environment.... read more


The Benefits of Indoor Wall Water Fountains Indoor fountains are a great addition in hospitals and wellness clinics since they lend a peaceful, tranquil essence to them.A meditative state can be brought about in people who hear the gentle sounds of trickling water.... read more


An Short Guide to Herbs in Your Garden A lot of gardeners notice that they are driven to understanding more about herbs as they are easy to cultivate and excellent to use in cooking.These plants are easy to grow and have the appeal of instant gratification, as they can be used in soups, marinades, and other recipes.... read more