California's Garden Water Fountains Research and Results

California's Garden Water Fountains Research and Results The first example of a soda tax in the US came in February 2014, when it was approved by the city of Berkley, California. The goal is to get everyone drinking more water and other natural beverages by elevating the price of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. First, the city conducted research to evaluate whether citizens had proper access to functioning drinking water fountains.California's Garden Water Fountains Research Results 489965476811053921.jpg The research utilized a GPS app to gather data on present water fountains in the city. This info was cross-referenced with demographic information on race and income collected from the US Census Community Study database. The 2 data sets were compared to ascertain what class differences, if any, there were in access to operating water fountains. The testing was able to determine the demographics of areas with water fountains, also noting whether the condition of the fountains was greater or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. Many of the water fountains were filthy or blocked, regardless of the fact that most fountains worked.

The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Garden DesignEffect Norman Conquest Anglo-Saxon Garden Design 98425407409198024.jpg The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. However the Normans had to pacify the entire territory before they could concentrate on home life, domestic architecture, and decoration. Monasteries and castles served different purposes, so while monasteries were large stone structures built in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the residents focused on understanding offensive and defensive techniques. Gardening, a quiet occupation, was unfeasible in these unproductive fortifications. Berkeley Castle is possibly the most complete model in existence today of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture. The keep is reported to have been developed during the time of William the Conqueror. A spacious terrace meant for exercising and as a means to stop enemies from mining under the walls runs about the building. On one of these parapets is a scenic bowling green covered in grass and bordered by an aged hedge of yew that has been shaped into coarse battlements.

The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Features

The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water FeaturesCity Rome, Gian Bernini, Water Features 07068521600222.jpg There are many famous Roman water features in its city center. Nearly all of them were planned, architected and constructed by one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city designer, he had capabilities as a water feature developer, and records of his life's work are evident throughout the avenues of Rome. Bernini's father, a renowned Florentine sculptor, guided his young son, and they ultimately settled in Rome, to thoroughly show their artwork in the form of public water features and water fountains. An excellent worker, the young Bernini acquired praise and the backing of various popes and influential designers. At the start he was celebrated for his sculptural skills. Working gracefully with Roman marble, he used a base of expertise in the classic Greek architecture, most obviously in the Vatican. He was influenced by many great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

The First Contemporary Wall Fountains

First Contemporary Wall Fountains 073161592786.jpg The First Contemporary Wall Fountains Pope Nicholas V, himself a well educated man, ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of ancient classic Greek texts into Latin. It was important for him to embellish the city of Rome to make it worthy of being called the capital of the Christian world. Beginning in 1453, the ruined ancient Roman aqueduct known as the Aqua Vergine which had brought clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away, underwent reconstruction at the bidding of the Pope. A mostra, a monumental commemorative fountain built by ancient Romans to mark the point of arrival of an aqueduct, was a custom which was revived by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the space previously filled with a wall fountain crafted by Leon Battista Albert, an architect employed by the Pope. The water which eventually furnished the Trevi Fountain as well as the acclaimed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona flowed from the modified aqueduct which he had renovated.
Choose from all Kinds of Exterior Fountains Have you ever considered turning your garden into a haven of tranquility?You can benefit from a water feature by integrating an outdoor fountain to your backyard and creating a place of serenity.... read more


The Father Of Rome's Garden Fountain Design And Style There are many famous Roman water features in its city center.One of the most distinguished sculptors and artists of the 17th century, nearly all of them were designed, conceived and constructed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.... read more


Exterior Wall Fountains: The Numerous Designs Available Small verandas or courtyards are an ideal place to set up wall fountains since they add style to an area with little space.The multitude of styles in outdoor wall fountains, including traditional, classic, contemporary, or Asian, means that you can find the one best suited to your tastes.... read more


The Public Water Fountains The water from rivers and other sources was initially delivered to the occupants of nearby towns and cities through water fountains, whose design was mainly practical, not artistic.... read more