The Water Fountains

The Water Fountains As originally conceived, fountains were designed to be practical, directing water from creeks or aqueducts to the residents of towns and settlements, where the water could be utilized for cooking, cleaning, and drinking.Water Fountains 076260713274154286.jpg A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the flow and send water squirting from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the later half of the 19th century. Typically used as monuments and commemorative edifices, water fountains have influenced people from all over the world throughout the centuries. If you saw the first fountains, you wouldn't identify them as fountains. A stone basin, crafted from rock, was the 1st fountain, utilized for containing water for drinking and spiritual purposes. Rock basins as fountains have been uncovered from 2000 B.C.. Early fountains used in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to regulate the circulation of water through the fountain. These ancient water fountains were built to be functional, often situated along reservoirs, streams and waterways to provide drinking water. Fountains with embellished Gods, mythological monsters, and creatures began to show up in Rome in about 6 BC, built from stone and bronze. Water for the open fountains of Rome was delivered to the city via a intricate system of water aqueducts.

Where did Garden Water Fountains Originate from?

Garden Water Fountains Originate from? 04718570528975251.jpg Where did Garden Water Fountains Originate from? A fountain, an amazing piece of engineering, not only supplies drinking water as it pours into a basin, it can also propel water high into the air for a noteworthy effect.

The central purpose of a fountain was originally strictly practical. Water fountains were linked to a spring or aqueduct to supply drinkable water as well as bathing water for cities, townships and villages. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and higher than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move downwards or shoot high into the air. Acting as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also supplied clean, fresh drinking water. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to beautify their fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden planners included fountains to create mini variations of the gardens of paradise. King Louis XIV of France wanted to illustrate his dominion over nature by including fountains in the Gardens of Versailles. To mark the entrance of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts entered the city of Rome

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. The introduction of unique water effects and the recycling of water were two things made possible by swapping gravity with mechanical pumps.

Modern fountains are used to adorn public spaces, honor individuals or events, and enhance recreational and entertainment events.

Creators of the First Outdoor Fountains

Creators of the First Outdoor Fountains Multi-talented individuals, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century typically functioned as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci as a innovative genius, inventor and scientific virtuoso exemplified this Renaissance creator. He methodically registered his examinations in his now famed notebooks about his studies into the forces of nature and the attributes and movement of water. Brilliant water exhibits complete with symbolic meaning and natural charm changed private villa settings when early Italian water fountain designers coupled imagination with hydraulic and landscaping abilities.Creators First Outdoor Fountains 0169872447277445.jpg The splendors in Tivoli were developed by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was celebrated for his capabilities in archeology, engineering and garden design. Other water feature engineers, masterminding the fantastic water marbles, water features and water jokes for the many mansions near Florence, were tried and tested in humanistic subjects and traditional scientific readings.

The Major Characteristics of Ancient Greek Statues

The Major Characteristics of Ancient Greek Statues The first freestanding statuary was designed by the Archaic Greeks, a distinguished success since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars.Major Characteristics Ancient Greek Statues 5225726787632775.jpg Most of these freestanding sculptures were what is known as kouros figures, statues of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi were seen by the Greeks to represent beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising stiffness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, sinewy, and nude. In 650 BC, life-size versions of the kouroi began to be observed. A substantial era of improvement for the Greeks, the Archaic period helped bring about newer forms of state, expressions of artwork, and a higher appreciation of people and cultures outside of Greece. The Arcadian wars, the Spartan penetration of Samos, and other wars between city-states are instances of the kinds of conflicts that emerged commonly, which is consistent with other times of historical change.
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