The First Modern Outdoor Wall Fountains

The First Modern Outdoor Wall Fountains The translation of hundreds of classical Greek texts into Latin was commissioned by the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Church in Rome from 1397 till 1455. It was imperative for him to embellish the city of Rome to make it worthy of being known as the capital of the Christian world. Starting in 1453, the ruined ancient Roman aqueduct known as the Aqua Vergine which had brought fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away, underwent restoration at the behest of the Pope.First Modern Outdoor Wall Fountains 19091614801801064959.jpg A mostra, a monumental commemorative fountain constructed by ancient Romans to mark the point of arrival of an aqueduct, was a custom which was restored by Nicholas V. The present-day location of the Trevi Fountain was previously occupied by a wall fountain commissioned by the Pope and constructed by the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The aqueduct he had reconditioned included modifications and extensions which eventually enabled it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

California's Garden Water Fountain Study and Results

California's Garden Water Fountain Study and ResultsCalifornia's Garden Water Fountain Study Results 529992263791983.jpg Berkley, CA citizens voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States. The taxation is believed to decrease sugary drink consumption and boost the consumption of healthier drinks, such as water from fountains. First, the city conducted research to evaluate whether people had easy access to working drinking water fountains. Facts on the city’s drinking water fountains were pulled together using a GPS created exclusively for the research. The US Census Community Study database was chosen to compile information related to race and economic status in these locations. The research workers looked to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were connected to drinking water fountain access. Each water fountain and the demographics of its nearby area were examined to reveal whether the location of the fountains or their level of maintenance demonstrated any link to income, race, or other points. While the bulk of the fountains were in working order, an alarming quantity were found to be in a poor state of repairs.

Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Begin?

Where did Large Outdoor Fountains Begin? A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinkable water, as well as for decorative purposes.

The central purpose of a fountain was originally strictly practical. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Used until the 19th century, in order for fountains to flow or shoot up into the air, their origin of water such as reservoirs or aqueducts, had to be higher than the water fountain in order to benefit from the power of gravity. Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to adorn homes and celebrate the artist who created it.Large Outdoor Fountains Begin? 95674507403.jpg Roman fountains often depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. To show his dominance over nature, French King Louis XIV included fountains in the Garden of Versailles. Seventeen and 18 century Popes sought to extol their positions by including beautiful baroque-style fountains at the point where restored Roman aqueducts arrived into the city.

The end of the 19th century saw the rise in usage of indoor plumbing to provide drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to purely decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create special water effects.

Beautifying city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

The Circulation of Water Fountain Industrial Knowledge in Europe

The Circulation of Water Fountain Industrial Knowledge in EuropeCirculation Water Fountain Industrial Knowledge Europe 4355993196058518286.jpg The published papers and illustrated publications of the time contributed to the development of scientific innovation, and were the primary means of transmitting useful hydraulic information and fountain ideas throughout Europe. An un-named French water feature developer was an internationally renowned hydraulic innovator in the late 1500's. With Royal commissions in Brussels, London and Germany, he began his work in Italy, acquiring know-how in garden design and grottoes with incorporated and imaginative water features. “The Principles of Moving Forces”, a book that turned into the fundamental book on hydraulic mechanics and engineering, was authored by him toward the end of his lifetime in France. Explaining the latest hydraulic systems, the publication also modernized key hydraulic discoveries of classical antiquity. As a mechanical method to push water, Archimedes devised the water screw, key among important hydraulic advancements. An decorative water fountain with sunlight warming the liquid in two containers concealed in an adjacent area was displayed in one illustration. What occurs is the heated water expanded, goes up and locks up the pipes heading to the water feature, and thus leading to activation. The book additionally mentions garden ponds, water wheels, water feature creations.
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Free Drinking Fountains in and Around Berkley, Ca Berkley, CA citizens voted for a sugar-sweetened beverages tax in February 2014, the earliest of its kind in the United States.By taxing sugary drinks, the city hopes to encourage a lot more people to decide on healthier choices, such as water.... read more


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