The Distribution of Outdoor Garden Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe

Distribution Outdoor Garden Fountain Engineering Knowledge Europe 25019027482.jpg The Distribution of Outdoor Garden Fountain Engineering Knowledge in Europe Dissiminating practical hydraulic information and fountain design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the printed papers and illustrated publications of the time. An unnamed French water feature engineer came to be an internationally celebrated hydraulic pioneer in the late 1500's. By developing gardens and grottoes with incorporated and amazing water features, he began his career in Italy by earning imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. The book, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” written towards the end of his life in France, turned into the fundamental writing on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Modernizing vital hydraulic findings of classical antiquity, the publication also details contemporary hydraulic technologies. Notable among these works were those of Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, a mechanized means of moving water. An ornamental water fountain with the sun heating the water in two containers stashed in an adjacent accommodation was shown in one illustration. The hot liquid expands and subsequently ascends and closes the pipes thereby triggering the water fountain. Pumps, water wheels, water features and garden pond styles are mentioned in the text.

Your Garden: The Perfect Place for a Garden Fountain

Garden: Perfect Place Garden Fountain 3456302355967.jpg Your Garden: The Perfect Place for a Garden Fountain The inclusion of a wall water feature or an outdoor garden fountain is an excellent way to beautify your yard or garden design. Modern-day designers and fountain builders alike use historic fountains and water features to shape their creations. As such, introducing one of these to your home design is a superb way to connect it to the past. The benefit of having a garden fountain goes beyond its beauty as it also appeals to birds and other wildlife, in addition to harmonizing the ecosystem with the water and moisture it emits into the atmosphere. Birds drawn to a fountain or bird bath often scare away irksome flying invaders, for instance.

The space necessary for a cascading or spouting fountain is substantial, so a wall fountain is the ideal size for a small yard. Two possibilities to pick from include either a freestanding type with an even back set against a fence or wall in your garden, or a wall-mounted, self-contained type which hangs on a wall. Both a fountain mask located on the existing wall as well as a basin located at the bottom to collect the water are equired if you wish to add a fountain. Be sure to hire a specialist for this type of job since it is better not to do it yourself due to the intricate plumbing and masonry work required.

Rome’s Early Water Transport Solutions

Rome’s Early Water Transport Solutions With the construction of the very first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, folks who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to rely strictly on naturally-occurring spring water for their demands. Throughout this period, there were only two other innovations capable of offering water to higher areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which gathered rainwater. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill via the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. Through its initial construction, pozzi (or manholes) were situated at set intervals alongside the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it easier to clean the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we saw with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. The cistern he had made to gather rainwater wasn’t sufficient to meet his water requirements.Rome’s Early Water Transport Solutions 33778193.jpg To give himself with a much more effective means to obtain water, he had one of the manholes exposed, offering him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

The Origins of Contemporary Wall Fountains

The Origins of Contemporary Wall Fountains The translation of hundreds of classical Greek texts into Latin was commissioned by the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Church in Rome from 1397 until 1455. It was imperative for him to beautify the city of Rome to make it worthy of being called the capital of the Christian world. In 1453 the Pope commissioned the repairing of the Aqua Vergine, an ancient Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away. The ancient Roman tradition of marking the entry point of an aqueduct with an imposing celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the space formerly filled with a wall fountain built by Leon Battista Albert, an architect employed by the Pope. Adjustments and extensions, included in the restored aqueduct, eventually supplied the Trevi Fountain and the well-known baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona with the necessary water supply.
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