Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Challenges

Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Challenges Rome’s 1st raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, people living at higher elevations had to rely on local creeks for their water. If people residing at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the other existing systems of the time, cisterns that gathered rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that received the water from below ground. In the early 16th century, the city began to utilize the water that flowed below the ground through Acqua Vergine to provide water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals.Acqua Vergine: Answer Rome's Water Challenges 35853977665725613.jpg While these manholes were manufactured to make it easier to sustain the aqueduct, it was also possible to use containers to extract water from the channel, which was utilized by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he bought the property in 1543 to his passing in 1552. He didn’t get sufficient water from the cistern that he had manufactured on his property to obtain rainwater. That is when he decided to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran directly below his residential property.

Free Drinking Fountains Around Berkley, Ca

Free Drinking Fountains Around Berkley, Ca The very first US city to implement a tax on high calorie drinks was Berkley, California in February 2014. The taxation is intended to lessen sugary drink intake and increase the consumption of healthier drinks, including water from fountains. Attempts were made to find out the status of local drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods.Free Drinking Fountains Around Berkley, Ca 939030971.jpg Information on the city’s drinking water fountains were assembled using a GPS created specifically for the research. Demographic data on race and income was then assembled using the US Census database. The research workers looked to use both data sets to figure out if demographics were associated to drinking water fountain access. The evaluation was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also observing whether the state of the fountains was better or inferior in lower class neighborhoods. While the bulk of the fountains were in working order, an alarming quantity were revealed to be in a bad state of repairs.

Garden Wall Fountains: An Awesome Display

Garden Wall Fountains: An Awesome Display Your loved ones and friends will appreciate the charm a wall fountain adds to your decor. Having a wall water feature in your daily life not only stimulates the eyes with its beauty but also your ears with the soothing background sounds it generates. Think of the positive impact it will have on guests when they experience its wondrous sights and sounds.

Wall elements are a good option if the space you inhabit is more modern in appearance. Also available in modern materials such as stainless steel or glass, they can add pizzazz to your interior decor. Is your residence or office space in short supply? A wall water fountain is probably the best choice for you. Since they are displayed on a wall, these features do not take up valuable space. Busy entryways in commercial buildings are often decorated with one of these types of fountains. Wall fountains are not limited to interior use, however.Garden Wall Fountains: Awesome Display 3208811514191170.jpg Fiberglass and resin are ideal materials to use for exterior wall water features. Use water fountains made of these waterproof materials to liven up your garden, porch, or other outdoor space.

Wall fountains come in a number of varying styles covering the modern to the traditional and rustic. You can choose the best style based upon your individual tastes. A mountain lodge might require a traditional material such as slate whereas a high rise apartment might require sleek glass to liven up the interior space. Your own design plans determine the material you select. One thing is guaranteed, however, fountains are features which will no doubt dazzle your guests.

Setting Up and Maintaining Outdoor Garden Fountains

Setting Maintaining Outdoor Garden Fountains 39423410.jpg Setting Up and Maintaining Outdoor Garden Fountains A very important first step is to consider the dimensions of the outdoor wall fountain with regards to the area you have available for it. It is essential that the wall where you are going to put it is sturdy enough to support its weight. Therefore for smaller areas or walls, a light fountain is going to be more appropriate. In order to run the fountain, an electric powered socket will need to be close by. There are many different styles of fountains, each with their own set of simple, step-by-step directions.

The general outdoor wall feature is available in an easy-to-use kit that comes with everything you need and more to properly install it. The kit includes a submersible pump, hoses as well as the basin, or reservoir. Depending on its size, the basin can typically be hidden quite easily amongst the plants. Since outdoor wall fountains require little attention, the only thing left to do is clean it regularly.

Replenishing and purifying the water on a consistent basis is very important. Rubbish such as twigs, leaves or dirt should be cleared away quickly. Ensure that your outdoor wall fountain is protected from bitterly cold winter temperatures. In order to avoid any damage, such as cracking, from freezing water during the cold winter season, move your pump indoors. All in all, an outdoor wall fountain can last for any number of years with proper maintenance and cleaning.

Public Garden Fountains Found in Historical Documents The water from rivers and other sources was initially supplied to the inhabitants of nearby communities and cities via water fountains, whose design was mainly practical, not aesthetic.... read more


The Various Construction Materials of Outdoor Fountains Garden fountains today are typically made from metal, although you can find them in other materials too.Metallic versions offer clean lines and unique sculptural accents and will fit in with nearly any decorative style and budget.... read more


The Positive Benefits of installing a Fountain in Your Living Area The area outside your home can be enhanced by adding a wall or a garden fountain to your landscaping or garden project.A myriad of current designers and fountain craftsmen have found inspiration in the fountains and water features of the past.... read more


The Role of Hydrostatics In The Design Of Public Fountains When in equilibrium, liquid delivers energy to its container or any other material it comes in contact with.There are two forms, hydrostatic load or external forces.... read more


The Godfather Of Rome's Water Features There are numerous celebrated water fountains in Rome’s city center.Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the most brilliant sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, conceptualized and built virtually all of them.... read more


How Fountains can be Ideal for the Environment Do you desire to make your personal space just a little more stunning?Solar fountains might be the answer - they are a perfect add-on to any home because they embellish the layout and raise the price of your home.... read more