Outdoor Water Fountains And Obesity

Outdoor Water Fountains And Obesity The first implementation of a soda tax in the USA came in February 2014, when it was passed by the city of Berkley, California. The taxation is supposed to reduce sugary drink consumption and increase the consumption of healthier drinks, such as water from fountains. First, the city conducted research to assess whether people had proper access to functioning drinking water fountains. The research utilized a GPS app to collect data on current water fountains in the city. Demographic data on race and income was then gathered using the US Census database. By cross-referencing the water fountain sites with the demographic information, they were able to identify whether access to working fountains was class dependent.Outdoor Water Fountains Obesity 7010298563.jpg The evaluation was able to identify the demographics of areas with water fountains, also noting whether the state of the fountains was better or worse in lower class neighborhoods. The fact that the fountains were operating was not a guarantee that they were well-maintained, given that quite a few were in need of maintenance and repair.

The Source of Modern Day Outdoor Water Fountains

The Source of Modern Day Outdoor Water Fountains Hundreds of classic Greek records were translated into Latin under the authority of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V, who ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. Beautifying Rome and making it the worthy capital of the Christian world was at the core of his objectives. Beginning in 1453, the ruined ancient Roman aqueduct known as the Aqua Vergine which had brought fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away, underwent reconstruction at the bidding of the Pope. The historical Roman custom of marking the arrival point of an aqueduct with an imposing celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. At the behest of the Pope, architect Leon Battista Alberti began the construction of a wall fountain in the spot where we now find the Trevi Fountain. The aqueduct he had reconditioned included modifications and extensions which eventually enabled it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

The Early Civilization: Outdoor Fountains

The Early Civilization: Outdoor Fountains On the Greek island of Crete, digs have discovered conduits of different kinds. Along with offering water, they dispersed water that gathered from deluges or waste. Many were created from terracotta or even stone. When clay was utilized, it was usually for channels as well as water pipes which came in rectangle-shaped or round forms. These included cone-like and U-shaped terracotta conduits that were exclusive to the Minoans. The water provision at Knossos Palace was managed with a system of clay piping which was located under the floor, at depths going from a few centimeters to a number of meters.Early Civilization: Outdoor Fountains 785344884350.jpg Along with disbursing water, the clay pipes of the Minoans were also used to amass water and accumulate it. Hence, these pipelines had to be ready to: Underground Water Transportation: This system’s invisible nature may mean that it was originally created for some kind of ritual or to circulate water to restricted communities. Quality Water Transportation: Some historians think that these pipelines were utilized to generate a separate distribution process for the residence.

The Original Outdoor Water Feature Designers

The Original Outdoor Water Feature Designers Commonly working as architects, sculptors, designers, engineers and discerning scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-talented people from the 16th to the late 18th century. Leonardo da Vinci as a creative intellect, inventor and scientific expert exemplified this Renaissance master. He methodically registered his findings in his now celebrated notebooks about his investigations into the forces of nature and the attributes and mobility of water. Early Italian fountain designers converted private villa configurations into inventive water displays full with symbolic meaning and natural beauty by combining imagination with hydraulic and horticultural experience. Known for his virtuosity in archeology, design and garden design, Pirro Ligorio, the humanist, delivered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Masterminding the excellent water marbles, water attributes and water pranks for the assorted mansions in the vicinity of Florence, some other fountain builders were well versed in humanist topics as well as classical scientific texts.
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