Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems

Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct built in Rome, commenced delivering the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had depended on natural springs up until then. During this period, there were only 2 other innovations capable of offering water to high areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which amassed rainwater. To furnish water to Pincian Hill in the early 16th century, they implemented the emerging approach of redirecting the movement from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. The manholes made it more straightforward to clean the channel, but it was also achievable to use buckets to extract water from the aqueduct, as we witnessed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he owned the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he died. Whilst the cardinal also had a cistern to collect rainwater, it couldn't provide a sufficient amount of water. Via an orifice to the aqueduct that flowed underneath his property, he was set to reach his water wants.

"Old School" Fountain Creative Designers

"Old School" Fountain Creative Designers Multi-talented individuals, fountain designers from the 16th to the late 18th century frequently worked as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was renowned as a inspired intellect, inventor and scientific master. The forces of nature inspired him to explore the properties and movement of water, and due to his curiosity, he systematically recorded his observations in his now famed notebooks. Early Italian water fountain engineers converted private villa configurations into innovative water exhibits full with emblematic meaning and natural elegance by coupling creativity with hydraulic and gardening expertise. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, distinguished for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, offered the vision behind the splendors in Tivoli. Masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water attributes and water antics for the assorted mansions in the vicinity of Florence, some other fountain designers were well versed in humanistic subjects as well as time-honored scientific texts.

California's Outdoor Fountains Analysis and Results

California's Outdoor Fountains Analysis and Results In February 2014, a taxation on sugar-sweetened beverages was passed in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to bring in such a regulation. The objective is to get people drinking more water and other natural drinks by increasing the price of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Efforts were made to find out the condition of local drinking water fountains in both high- and low-income neighborhoods.California's Outdoor Fountains Analysis Results 927373090950138.jpeg By creating a mobile GPS application, specialists were able to gather data on Berkley’s drinking water fountains. Demographic data on race and earnings was then gathered using the US Census database. Evaluations were made amongst the location and demographic data, uncovering whether class differences affected availability to clean, functional water fountains. Each water fountain and the demographics of its bordering area were studied to reveal whether the site of the fountains or their level of maintenance demonstrated any correlation to income, race, or other factors. While the majority of the fountains were in working order, an astonishing number were found to be in a bad state of repairs.

What Are Garden Fountains Created From?

What Are Garden Fountains Created From? While today’s garden fountains are made in a number of materials, most are crafted from metal. Metals tend to create clean lines and unique sculptural accents and can fit almost any style or budget. If you have a contemporary look and feel to your interior design, your yard and garden should mirror that same look.

Today, many people choose copper for their sculptural garden fountains. Copper fountains are the ideal choice because they are perfect for the inside and outside. Copper is also versatile enough that you can pick a range of styles for your fountain, from contemporary to whimsical.

If you are drawn to more classic-looking water fountains, brass is probably the best option for you. You will see a lot of brass fountains, as their intriguing artwork makes them popular even if they are on the more traditional side.

The most modern metal right now is probably stainless steel. For an instant increase in the value and peacefulness of your garden, get one of the contemporary steel designs. Just like other water features, they come in an array of sizes.

Fiberglass is a common material for fountains because you can get the look and feel of metal at a much lower price, and it is lighter and easier to move than metal.Garden Fountains  Created From? 83768481320.jpg The maintenance of fiberglass water fountains is quite simple, so they have many benefits that people appreciate.

Contemporary Garden Decoration: Garden Fountains and their Roots The dramatic or decorative effect of a fountain is just one of the purposes it fulfills, as well as providing drinking water and adding a decorative touch to your property.... read more


Dogs, Cats and Garden Fountains Be sure to take your pet into consideration when you are thinking of installing a water feature.A pet dog or cat could think that a freestanding fountain is a large pool or a drinking pond.... read more


Early Crete & The Minoans: Wall Fountains Archaeological excavations in Minoan Crete in Greece have discovered some kinds of channels.They not only aided with the water sources, they extracted rainwater and wastewater as well.... read more


What Makes Interior Wall Water Features Right for You Hospitals and health care facilities have been using interior fountains to create tranquil, stress-free environments for many years now.Softly cascading water lulls people into a state of introspection.... read more


California's Outdoor Fountains Analysis and Results In February 2014, a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages was approved in Berkley, CA, making it the first city in the United States to submit such a regulation.The tax is intended to minimize sugary drink consumption and improve the consumption of healthier beverages, like water from fountains.... read more


The Broad Array of Outdoor Wall Fountains A small patio or a courtyard is a great place to situate your wall fountain when you need peace and quiet.You can have one made to fit your requirements even if you have a minimum amount of space.... read more